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City of Bryan, Texas



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June 24, 2022

Tips to help beat the Texas heat


It has been unseasonably hot for the state of Texas this June and triple-digit temperatures have arrived earlier in the season. Every year, over 1,000 deaths occur in the United States due to heat stroke or as a result of high temperatures.

Normally, the body has ways of keeping itself cool by letting heat escape through the skin and evaporating sweat. However, sometimes the body does not cool properly or does not cool enough, and heat-related illnesses may occur. Anyone can be susceptible to heat-related illnesses; however, young children and the elderly are at a greater risk.

Heat-related illnesses can become serious or even deadly if left unattended. If you’re headed into the heat this summer, be aware of the different stages of heat-related illnesses to keep your family safe and healthy:

Heat Cramps

  • Symptoms: muscular pains, cramps and spasms due to strenuous activity, usually involving muscles in the arms, legs or abdomen.
  • How to treat it: To care for heat cramps, stop activity and rest in a cool place. If you are fully alert, take sips of cool water. Avoid alcohol or caffeinated liquids. Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths. Do not return to activity for a few hours after cramps have subsided. Seek medical attention if the cramps do not subside within an hour.

Heat Exhaustion

  • Symptoms: skin that is cool, moist, clammy, pale, flushed or red and sweating heavily; headache; nausea or vomiting; weakness, dizziness or fainting; body temperature will be near normal.
  • How to treat it: To care for heat exhaustion, go to a cool, shady place. Lie down and loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. If there are no signs of nausea, sip cool water. Avoid liquids with alcohol or caffeine. If vomiting continues, call 9-1-1.

Heat Stroke

  • Symptoms: hot, red and dry skin; no sweating; changes in or loss of consciousness; rapid pulse; rapid, shallow breathing; body temperature can be very high.
  • How to treat it: Heat stroke is life-threatening! Call 9-1-1. In addition, go to a cool, shady place. Quickly cool the body by wrapping wet sheets around the body and fan it. If you are using ice packs, wrap them in a cloth and place them on each wrist, ankle, armpit, and on the neck to cool the large blood vessels. Watch for signs of breathing problems and make sure the airway is clear. Keep the person lying down.

Follow these tips from Bryan Fire Department’s Emergency Management Office to beat the Texas heat:

  • Listen to local weather forecasts and be aware of upcoming temperature changes.
  • Review the National Weather Service’s 7-Day Heat risk forecast to monitor heat risk potential in Bryan and the Brazos County region.
  • Discuss heat safety precautions with at-risk family members.
  • Keep your pets cool and provide them with plenty of fresh, clean water. Do not exercise your pets in high temperatures or when the pavement is hot.
  • Utilize tools to better prepare for extreme heat such as checklists (available through American Red Cross in English and Spanish) or from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Dress in lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
  • Use sunscreen and wear protective coverings, such as a hat.
  • Avoid strenuous activity. If you must, do so during the coolest part of the day, which is usually in the early morning hours. Make sure to take regular breaks in a cool place.
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid becoming dehydrated. Avoid alcohol, which can dehydrate the body and reduce awareness of potential signs of heat stress. Also, avoid caffeinated beverages such as coffee, tea, and sodas which can also dehydrate the body.
  • If you do not have air conditioning, spend as much time as possible at public locations that are air conditioned such as libraries, movie theaters, indoor malls, etc.
  • Avoid using the oven or clothes dryer during the hottest part of the day.
  • Never leave infants, children or animals unattended inside a vehicle. If you spot a child or an animal left unattended inside a vehicle, please call 9-1-1.
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